South Africa Then: Dompas
Dompas - an Afrikaans word meaning dumb or stupid pass. Africans commonly referred to their pass as a dompas. Pass laws were established as a way to limit the movement of South Africans and segregate them, pushing them out of urban areas. Although many versions of these laws were passed in the years leading up to Apartheid, the Black (Natives) Laws Amendment Act of 1952 formally stipulated that South Africans must carry passes, and when found in an area that they did not have a pass for, they could be imprisoned. Non-white South Africans were only allowed in urban areas if they were born there and lived there since birth, or had been previously employed there for at least ten years, or lived continuously in one area for fifteen years.